06 Dec How Much Do You Really Know About HTML?
HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language is a language we use to make websites. HTML is a markup language that format content and change how the content looks.
The word markup language is derived from the marking up of manuscripts, where handwritten markups were annotated in the form of printer instructions. It represents the most popular markup language.
HTML was developed by the British physicist Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. It has gone through so many evolutions since HTML is an evolving language.
Hyper Text Markup Language doesn’t stay the same for long before it’s a revision with a new set of standards and specifications that brings prettier and more efficient websites.
Through the history of HTML, we can find several versions of it:
- HTML 1.0: This was the first release of HTML to the world.
- HTML 2.0: This is the second version, and it was introduced in 1995. This version included everything from the original 1.0 version but added a few new features.
- HTML 3.2: It was the first version developed and standardized only by the World Wide Web Consortium, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1994.
- HTML 4.0: In 1997, the World Wide Web Consortium released HTML 4.0. and had three versions:
- 1. Strict;
- HTML 4.0 was later reissued with smaller changes in 1998. without changing the version number.
- HTML 4.01: HTML 4.01 was released in December 1999.
- XHTML: This version was introduced in 2000 and it was recommended to be used as the joint-standard with HTML 4.01.
- HTML5: The World Wide Web Consortium published HTML5 in October 2014.
How HTML work?
HTML consists of shortcodes typed into a text file by the website author – these are the tags. The text is then saved as a .html file, and viewed through a browser, like Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.
Tags are words between the <angle-brackets>, and they separate ordinary text from HTML code. With them, you can create all the cool stuff like images and tables and stuff, just by telling your browser what to render on the page. Different tags perform different functions.
We can’t see the tags on our page through a browser, but we can see their effects.
Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox reads the file and translates the text into a visible form, hopefully rendering the page as the author had intended.
Example of some tags:
- <!DOCTYPE> tag defines the document type;
- <html> tag defines an HTML document;
- <head> tag defines information about the document;
4.<title> tag defines a title for the document;
- <body> tag defines the document’s body;
- <h1> it’s a mark for the most important heading. <h6> defines the least important heading;
- HTML paragraphs are defined with the <p> tag;
- <br> tag inserts a single line break.
Best Free HTML Editors
If you want to create web pages in HTML, you need an HTML editor. There are few benefits to using an HTML text editor.
A good HTML editor will retain your code clean and organized. It will also detect when you open a new tag and automatically close it to avoid you having a bad code and as a result, can reduce typing for you.
Almost all HTML editors today allow you to preview your web page live to see how it will look like in a web browser.
Web developers use many HTML editors, below are some of the top free options you can choose from:
- Microsoft Visual Studio;
- Sublime Text (it’s not free, but you can use for free unregistered version)