The Cruelest Dictators in History


Absolute power corrupts. Without laws and proper institutions, dictators can very fast join power and cause a great amount of violence.

A dictator is a leader who has absolute personal power. They have the power to make laws, suspend elections, proclaim a state of emergency, repress media and political opponents without following any rules.

The form of government with a dictator as the leader is a dictatorship, and there are no effective constitutional boundaries to limit his power.

Following is a list of the world’s cruelest and deadliest dictators in history.


Ismail Enver Pasha


Ismail Enver Pasha (22 November 1881 – 4 August 1922) was an Ottoman military officer. After the Ottoman coup d’état of January 1913, Ismail Enver Pasha became the Minister of War. He was a member of the Ottoman government from 1913 to 1918.

Ismail Enver Pasha had a great role in the Armenian genocide. The massacre of the Armenians during the First World War is the first genocide of the 20th century. Massacres began on 24 April 1915 in Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, with the murder of 600 renowned Armenians by order of the Government.

By the end of the summer of 1915 around 1.2 million Turkish-Armenians had perished under generally appalling conditions.


Adolf Hitler


Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945), the leader of Germany’s Nazi Party, was one of the most powerful dictators of the 20th century.

During his dictatorship, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. World War II led to the deaths of at least 11 million people, including the genocide of an estimated 6 million Jews, known as the Holocaust. Although we can’t find any single document of his order to that effect, his speeches, writings, and testimony by those who carried out the actions we use as evidence of his responsibility.

In his testament, written before his suicide in April 1945, he charged the Germans to continue the struggle against the Jews. Hitler’s death near the end of the war brought an end to his fascist regime.


Pol Pot


Pol Pot (19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998) was the leader of the Khmer Rouge regime. Khmer Rouge regime was responsible for the deaths of more than one million. In the period between 1975 and 1979, people died through execution, starvation, disease or overwork. During the Cambodian genocide, the bones of people who died from malnutrition, overwork or inadequate health care also filled up mass graves across the country.

Pol Pot regime is one of the most barbaric and murderous in recent history.

The Khmer Rouge regime attempt to create a communist society. For that case, they took particular aim at intellectuals, city residents, ethnic Vietnamese, civil servants and religious leaders.

Pol Pot’s regime took control over money, private property, jewelry, gambling. Most reading material and religion were outlawed, agriculture was collectivized, children were forced into the military.

Pol Pot was arrested in 1997. He died under house arrest on April 15, 1998.

  • Geeky Daddy
    Posted at 23:10h, 28 January Reply

    Only name I would add here is Stalin. His death toll far exceeded the others.

    • Milan3m
      Posted at 09:32h, 29 January Reply

      Unfortunately, there are many names to add, because in the world throughout history there were many dictators…

  • jeconiah
    Posted at 08:26h, 29 January Reply

    Dictatorial form of government is one of the thing I always wish never existed. Reading this post I have found it very painful to learn about what these three leaders deed while they were alive. Knowing about what dictatorship can do sometimes make us value democracy. otherwise this is a nice story. I wish the list was a bit longer.

    • Milan3m
      Posted at 09:37h, 29 January Reply

      Thanks, Jeconiah. Throughout stories about dictatorship, we learn to value democracy more. The list is not final, I will make it longer because of there many dictators in history.

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