What are The Five Basic Human Rights?

Human rights are the basic rights that belong to every person in the world from birth till death.

Human rights give people the freedom to choose how they live, how they express themselves, and what kind of government they want to support, among many other things. Human rights also guarantee people the means necessary to satisfy their basic needs, such as food, housing, and education, so they can take full advantage of all opportunities. Finally, by guaranteeing life, liberty, equality, and security, human rights protect people against abuse by those who are more powerful.

Human rights represent the least of standards for people to live with dignity. They give and guarantee people the freedom to choose how they live, express themselves, and what kind of government they want to support.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)  proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. is the most important document (among others documents) for the human rights to be universally protected and recognized.

Giving and guaranteeing all that, human rights protect people against abuse by those who are in the power.

In the following, we will describe the five basic human rights, that are essential for the existence of people.

  1. Freedom from torture, Inhuman and degrading treatment

The core principle of this right is that one can be laid down the law to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and exposed, without his or her free consent, to medical or scientific experimentation. This right can’t be limited with whatever the occasions are.

 

  1. The right to life

Right to life, and to live in freedom and safety, has been expressed in a variety of ways – such as the primacy of the human person, or the inherent dignity of the human being. This right does not allow divisions between races, sexes, or people of different abilities.

 

  1. We are all protected by the law

The quintessence of this right is that the law is the same for everyone. All people are equal before the law and have right without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.

Besides that, all people have the right to equal protection against any discrimination.

 

  1. Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion

All people have the right to believe in what they want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if they want, and are free to express that religion individually or collectively, publicly or privately. All recognized beliefs are protected by this right.

 

  1. Freedom to move

People have the right to go where they want in their own country and to travel as they wish, and the right to enter a country of which they’re a citizen.

 

“Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that high concept, there can be no end save victory.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt

 

“A right delayed is a right denied.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.

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